Diabetic Eye Exams in Scarborough

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Helping You Maintain Optimal Eye Health

Over 3.3 million Canadians live with diabetes, a chronic disease that affects how your body creates, regulates, and uses insulin. Without insulin, blood glucose (sugar) can spike, which can lead to a myriad of serious complications.

Diabetes can negatively affect different parts of the eyes, including exacerbating refractive errors and increasing the risk of disease. Usually, early signs of diabetic eye disease can be detected and successfully treated with regular comprehensive eye exams. However, it is important to recognize the risks and symptoms of diabetes-related eye conditions.

Diabetic Eye Disease

People with diabetes are particularly at risk for diabetic retinopathy, a severe condition where irregular blood sugar damages blood vessels connected to the retina. As blood vessels deteriorate, they may begin to swell and burst, leaking fluid into the eye. The leakages can block vision and may lead to serious vision loss and even blindness.

There are 2 stages of diabetic retinopathy:

  • Non-proliferative diabetic retinopathy
  • Proliferative diabetic retinopathy

Diabetic retinopathy can be very serious. Symptoms of the condition include:

  • Increased number of “floaters” in your field of vision
  • Blurred or distorted vision
  • Blank or dark areas in your field of vision
  • Poor night vision

Another high-risk issue for people with diabetes is the possibility of retinal tears caused by elevated intraocular pressure. As the fluid builds up and has no avenue of escape, it begins to exert outward pressure that can, if left untreated, cause the retina to tear away from the eye.

A buildup of fluid in the central part of the retina, called the macula, is called macular edema. The fluid buildup causes the macula to swell and thicken, causing distorted and blurred vision.

The abnormal blood vessels that grow as a result of diabetic retinopathy can block fluid from draining out of the eye. The fluid, unable to drain, causes the pressure inside the eye to rise, damaging the optic nerve and causing what’s referred to as neovascular glaucoma.

Early detection of eye disease is crucial to applying a schedule of treatment. The earlier any condition can be caught, the more that can be done to reverse or mitigate the impact of the disease.

In fact, in clinical reports from the Canadian National Institute of the Blind, with early and prompt diagnosis, 75% of vision loss issues are preventable or able to be managed to maintain sight.

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3465 Kingston Road
Scarborough, ON M1M 1R4

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Phone: 416-265-8777
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